income property mortgage

Don't Buy An Investment Property For Cashflow!

You are probably thinking "What is he saying, especially since he always talks about buying an investment property is buying a business". You are correct, buying an investment property is buying a business. Here is what I mean: A property is purchased at $625,000 with a mortgage of $500,000 (80% loan to value), borrowed at 3.99% for a 10 year term amortized over 35 years.  Rental income for the duplex is $3800 per month, which nets $800 after taking into account 10% safety (for repairs & maintenance as well as vacancy).

There are 2 options when it comes to using the surplus:

  1. Increase the mortgage payment by $800 per month
  2. Use the lump sum feature to pay down the mortgage $800 every month or at a set frequency (quarterly or semi-annually)

If the real estate investor is planning to acquire more properties, option 2 is best, since increasing the mortgage payment would hinder qualification of further properties.  The pre-payment feature would accomplish the same result without sacrificing the ability to qualify for more investment properties.

Let's dig deeper into the numbers:

If the mortgage is pre-paid by $800 every month, the mortgage amortization would drop from 35 years to 20.25 years! Imagine what would it feel like if you owned your investment property free and clear 15 years ahead of schedule and what that additional income would do to your lifestyle.

The next time you are buying an investment property, don't buy it to use the cashflow for personal expenditure, rather use it to payoff the mortgage.

Every real estate investor has unique goals, to discuss your personal real estate investment portfolio and goals, please contact me.

 

How To Increase Cash Flow In An Investment Property

In a hot Toronto real estate market where sellers are getting what they want (and sometime more), finding investment property opportunities requires a skill and having good team members.  In my search for a duplex or triplex, I focused on the Beach / Upper Beach area where the tenant profile is strong and potential for long term appreciation is in place.  We found a duplex that generated $2,500 monthly income, however it had potential for higher rents once the property was updated. Here is a video shot by my realtor, Andrei Angelkovski (www.BeachInvesting.com), who specializes in investment properties in the Beach area, walking through the property and explaining the work to be done.  I'll be posting updates over time showing the progress and explaining why certain things were done. http://youtu.be/1QUw_tvVwNc

Happy Investing!

To discuss your personal investment property goals and opportunities, please contact me.

 

Don't Get Hung Up On The Dollars When Investing In Real Estate!

I recently met with a client who wants to invest in real estate. In the initial meeting where I find out about the client's long term goals, desired mortgage freedom date, why they want to invest in real estate and how many properties they plan to acquire, the client stated their criteria is to have $400 or more in cash flow on a monthly basis.Cash flow is key in investing in real estate, however I was perplexed since they only wanted to invest $50k.  Based on my quick calculations (downpayment is 20% therefore total purchase price is $250k and using 8% gross rental income rule, the property would generate $20k annually or $1,667 monthly), it would be very difficult for a property to cash flow 20+% of gross rental income (in this case it's $400/$1,6667 = 23%).

Real estate investors want to maximize cash flow which is a great goal, however, it's important to consider ratios since an investor with $100k capital will generate more cash flow than someone with $50k capital, and an investor with $150k capital will generate more cash flow than someone with $100k capital.

Click here to see a comparison between 2 properties ($240k vs $500k) based on 2 actual investment property listings that I have recently come across illustrating the ratios (CAP rate, DCR, cash on cash...) are very similar to each other although the cash flow is double for $500k property.

Investing in real estate is about cash flow and ratios as well.

To discuss your real estate investment goals, please contact me.

Turn Down The Noise And Take Action

A new year is upon us and we are hearing the same things: "Real estate is overvalued by 10%, 25%...", "We are due for a correction".... I agree that real estate prices, and I'll only speak for Toronto since this is where I live and conduct my business, have appreciated over the last few years, however, one can't generalize since real estate is very local.  As per my previous posts "2 Factors That Can Affect Your Home Value", interest rates spike or unemployment spike are the 2 factors that can derail real estate prices. The other factor, is some major global disaster such as a country defaulting on its debt, would affect everyone and everywhere.There is lots of information on TV, radio, newspaper and on the internet. It can be overwhelming and paralyzing.

I am a firm believer in putting a plan together and taking action.  Since it's early in the year, it's a great time to put a financial plan (when you want to be mortgage free or think about buying an investment property to create long term wealth or topping up your RRSPs or consolidating debt to improve cash flow) then take action.  It's best to look back at year end and be grateful for taking action this year as opposed to wishing had done something 12 months earlier.

Please feel free to contact me to discuss your personal mortgage and financial goals.

How BAR Can Grow Your Real Estate Investment Portfolio

BAR??  Yes BAR, which stands for buy, add value and refinance.  The toronto real estate market is hot and finding good deals can be a challenge especially when supply is low and there are quite a few interested buyers (I wonder how many are frustrated with their stocks and have decided to invest into real estate). A property that shows well in a good area will probably go for over asking or very close to asking price.  I have come across listings where the sellers were disappointed for not getting multiple offers which resulted in increasing the listing price the next morning!

It can be frustrating since real estate investment is about numbers and not getting emotionally attached to a property. Working with a realtor who specializes in real estate investment is critical since they are knowledgeable in a local area, know local rents and understand how to add value to a property to create additional income.

Here is an example of a property I came across in Toronto: a 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom semi-detached with a finished basement in the "beach".  The potential was to separate the main floor from the basement (creating an additional income suite) and adding a powder room w/ laundry on the main floor.  The strategy is to create a second income suite up to code and refinance the property once the renos are complete to recover the renovation costs.  This accomplishes the following:

  1. Increase property value
  2. Increase rental income (2 incomes versus 1)
  3. Create positive cash flow property

BAR (buy, add value & refinance) is one strategy for real estate investors to create long term wealth.  It's key to have a strong experienced team (realtor, mortgage broker, contractor and other trades) who understand what the objective are and have done work for real estate investors.

To discuss your personal real estate investment portfolio or questions regarding real estate investment, please contact me.

2 Factors That Can Affect Your Home Value

Toronto and GTA's real estate values have increased significantly over the last 10 years.  The prices continue to increase as the global economy struggles to emerge out of the slowdown since late 2008.  There are 2 factors that can negatively affect the housing market in Toronto, GTA as well as Canada: Interest rate and/or unemployment spike.

1/ Interest Rate Spike

For the last 3 years, Canadian homeownerns and real estate investors have enjoyed historically low interest rates which have resulted in record sales and prices.  Interest rates have remained low to stimulate consumer spending and promote GDP growth.  As Canadians reach record debt levels (approximately $1.50 of debt to $1 earned), Canadians are running out of steam for further debt accumulation. Many Canadians have fixed mortgages in the 3.3%-3.8% and variable mortgages at the prime minus level.

In order to save the global economy from a depression, governments around the world took on aggressive stimulus (printing money) since late 2008 which will result in high inflation sometime in the future.  As inflation becomes the primary objective of governments, interest rates will have to rise to control and moderate inflation.  Canada is already experiencing high inflation numbers, however the Bank of Canada is choosing to keep its benchmark rate low due to the uncertainty originating out of Europe.

A spike in interest rates would effect Canadians since mortgages will renew at higher interest rates and unsecured loans would cost more.  Based on August 2011 data, the affordability index in Toronto for 2 storey homes and bungalows is at 61.4% and 51.9% respectively (http://goo.gl/8rK5B). If one assumes that an income earner is taxed at 40%, it means that in order to buy a 2 storey or bungalow in Toronto, 2 incomes are required. Condos are a more affordable option in Toronto at 34.2%.

A spike in interest rates which diminish the ability of many to qualify for a mortgage especially insured since qualification is based on posted rates.  Demand would therefore be reduced since less buyers can qualify for a mortgage.

The main point to take away from this post is to have a plan regarding mortgage/debt paydown and plan to renew ones mortgage at a 6% level.  For more information, click here.

My next post will discuss unemployment spike.

Are Mortgage Interest Rates Dropping?

My Commentary On What The Bank Of Canada Said Today

Where Is Prime Rate Going?

Is That The Best Rate You Have?

Best-mortgage_rate

In today's competitive mortgage market, there is lots of "lowest interest rate" and "best mortgage rates" advertising in the media. I even saw a jeweler offering mortgages!!  Is the best rate really what's best for one's situation?

Asking for and making a decision strictly on lowest rate is similar to someone walking into a financial planner's office and asking for the lowest MER mutual fund.  Mortgages are investments and need to be chosen based on where the economy is currently, what's expected to happen with interest rates over the next few years (inflation, job creation and global factors), personal and financial situation and borrower's risk tolerance. The fine print of the mortgage such as compounding, prepayment priviliges, increased payments, portability, assumability and how the penalty is calculated are important features to be understood upfront prior to commiting to a mortgage product.  It's unfortunate that homeonwers have been programmed to get the lowest rate, set the payment and not look at the mortgage till renewal time. There are significant opportunities in optimizing the mortgage to reduce the amortization and build significant equity in a shorter period of time if the mortgage is managed properly by a professional.

The next time you are in the market for a mortgage whether you are buying a home or an investment property, renewing, or refinancing, please email me to send you a checklist of factors to consider in choosing what's right for you and your family.

Please contact me should you have any questions regarding your mortgage.

What Drives Variable Rate Mortgages?

My previous blog post discussed factors driving fixed rate mortgages.  What about variable rate mortgages? Variable mortgages are driven by prime rate (which is based on Bank of Canada's benchmark rate) and the discount a lender would provide. For example, 5 year variable mortgage at prime less 0.75%.

The benchmark rate, is set by the Bank of Canada on eight set dates annually.  Bank of Canada targets inflation around the 2% level, if inflation is higher then the benchmark rate is increased to control inflation and in cases where there is low inflation (or deflation), the benchmark rate is lowered to stimulate consumer spending and business investments due to the low cost of borrowing.

What does the dollar have to do with prime rate?

Canadian_loonie

Canada's benchmark rate cannot be at a much higher level than the US benchmark rate since a substantial difference between the two would drive foreign investors to buy the Canadian dollar and appreciate its value.  A stronger Canadian dollar would reduce Canada's competitiveness by making Canadian products more expensive therefore reducing exports and slowing economic growth.  The US economy has and will continue to experience tough and slow economic recovery. The US Federal Reserve will keep its benchmark rate low to stimulate the economy, create jobs, promote consumer spending and increase housing demand through low interest rate environment.  With the upcoming US elections in 2012, the US will keep rates low to aid re-electing the current president (historic data shows in re-election years US interest rates are kept low).  This low US interest rate environment will exert more pressure on the Bank of Canada not to increase the Canadian benchmark rate aggressively till the end of 2012 which makes variable interest rates favourable. Having said that, the Bank of Canada will have to increase the benchmark rate to control inflation and high consumer debt levels, however it will be gradual. My prediction is 0.5% increase for this year.

For your personal mortgage review, please contact me.